Carolina White Citadel

 Come to Alba Iulia to visit the most important touristic attraction, Carolina White Citadel.

For those of you who follow me on social media you know that I spent 2 days in Alba Iulia for Feeric Fashion Days Festival. Due to this I will tell more about my trip there.

That day with a black top and a pair of pyjama pants, my new addiction, I visited the city. Don’t know about you, but on hot summer days, i feel like wearing as few clothes as i can. And I’m happy!

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 Alba Iulia is the unification city, the real heart of Romania.

Alba Iulia is in the centre of Transylvania, on Mures river and is the spiritual capital of my country. Also the site of the ancient Apulum, founded by the Romans in the 2nd century and destroyed by Tatars in 1241. From 1599 to 1601, Alba Iulia was the capital of the united Principalities of Walachia, Transylvania and Moldavia. On the 1’st of December 1918 the province of Transylvania announced its unification with Romania here in Alba Iulia. In 1922 also here is the place of the coronation of King Ferdinand. Furthermore a royal citadel, residence of the bishopric and a military garrison.

The city in all historical periods have been the main political, administrative, religious, cultural and military centre of Transylvania.Nowadays a touristic and beautiful European city worth visiting. Especially relevant are the traces of millenary history and the most representative bastion fortress in Southeast Europe.

Surely, in the heart of Alba Iulia is the beautiful Carolina White Citadel.

A fortress in Vauban style with 7 bastions.

 Built between 1714 and 1738, upon the initiative of Emperor Charles the VIth of Habsburg. In the Vauban military architectural system. The fortress was designed by the Italian architect Giovanni Morando Visconti, who worked under the supervision of the general Stefan de Steinville. Later completed under General Weiss. Between the 18th and 19th centuries the Carolina white citadel served as the military headquarters of Transylvania. Also as a general armament repository.

The Carolina White Citadel, with a perimeter of 12 km, is the largest and best preserved fortress in Romania.

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A fortress outstanding both for its architectural elements and for the beauty of its six gates. Unique in European military structures. Seems like the artists, sculptors Johann Koning, Johan Vischer and Giuseppe Tencalla, had been inspired by ancient mythology. The gates, valuable samples of early baroque style, serve as a model for 18th century Transylvanian architecture. At the Gate III you can see every day the changing of the guards, in the same way it was many years ago. Also many festivals, shows and military demonstrations are held inside Carolina White Citadel. Gladiators fights, princesses, soldiers wearing Dacian and Roman clothes are trying to bring back beautiful times.

Fortification constructed with seven bastions (Eugene of Savoia, St. Stefan, The Trinity, St. Michael, St. Carol, St. Capistrano and St. Elisabeth) that make her a star-shaped, Vauban-style fortress. The largest bastion is the Trinity.

On the whole, the fortress stands out as the most important baroque architectural ensemble in Romania and Europe.

The Route of the Three Fortifications

Unique tourist destination in Europe and the world, the Route of the Three Fortifications offers the visitors a life-time chance to travel 2,000 years back in time. You walk in the vestiges of three fortifications belonging to three different historical epochs. Each new citadel including the previous one: The Roman Castre (106 AD), The Medieval Citadel (XVIth -XVIIth cent.) and the Alba Carolina White Citadel ( XVIIIth cent). This route include also visits to: The Minting Factory Gate, South Gate of the Roman Castre, The Military Camp. In addition The Access Tunnel to the Artillery Platform, The Artillery Platform, The Guard Room – The Arms Room. Finally The Bethleem Bastion and the Alba Carolina Citadel.

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You should visit the old town of Carolina White Citadel. Stroll along the wide, tree-lined streets of the fortress. You will discover more historical, cultural and architectural places of interest:

Princely Palace, built in the 16th century, the Prince Mihai Viteazul’s residence during the first political unification of Romanians in the 1600s.
Bathyaneum Library.
Babilon Building,  now the National Museum of Unification.
Union Hall (Sala Unirii) –  here the unification act between Romania’s other provinces and Transylvania was signed during the Great Assembly of December 1st 1918.
University of Alba Iulia.

 Roman Catholic Cathedral – the oldest and most valuable monument of architecture in Transylvania.

The Catholic Cathedral, built in the 13th century on the site of a Romanesque church destroyed during the Tartar invasion of 1241. Features one of the most impressive early Renaissance interiors in Transylvania. The light coming in from the Gothic windows create inside an ethereal atmosphere. The tomb of Prince Iancu de Hunedoara (c.1400 – 1456) is here and one of the former King of Hungary.

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  Orthodox Cathedral of the Reunification.

Near the western entrance of the Carolina white citadel is the impressive Orthodox Cathedral. Built between 1921 and 1923 to celebrate Transylvania’s reunification with Romania. The first monarchs of unified Romania, King Ferdinand I and Queen Marie were crowned here on 15 October 1922.

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  In addition many museums and other sights you should see in Alba Iulia, the first capital city of the unified Romanian provinces

 So…come to one of the most beautiful places in Romania. In conclusion 340 km from Bucharest, 100 km from Cluj-Napoca, 70 km from Sibiu and 240 km from Arad.

 I’m in Love with my Country and Carolina White Citadel!